DIVISION OF HUMAN ECOSYSTEM


In the broad and varied areas from mountainous zones to coastal zones, a lot of activities of human beings have been continued for a long time in various intensities. As a result characteristic ecosystems have been formed by the interaction between nature and human beings and/or by the coexistence of human beings and nature. This ecosystem is under the strong influence of human livelihood, specifically in the forms of agriculture, forestry, fisheries and so on, and also involves the villages, towns and cities that are human residential areas. The understanding of these ecosystems, which is one of the main subjects of this division, leads the solution of essence to the global environmental problems. Here we are trying to analyze interactions between human activities and nature, and practicing the education and research to build up the coexistence system.

LABORATORY OF HUMAN ECOSYSTEM CONSERVATION

Where, when and how the human ecosystem has evolved from the nature ecosystem and how the human ecosystem should be managed in relation to nature ecosystem conservation are studied in this laboratory. The modes of vegetation evolution and domestication continua from the wild to the weed, the encouraged, the semi-tamed to the tamed in the human ecosystem of Asian civilization and regional cultures are also field-surveyed.

■Associate Professor
UMEMOTO, Shinya, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.), Weed Science and Economic Botany, Human Ecosystem, Plant Resource, Culture Conservation
E-mail : umemoto_at_za.ztv.ne.jp

* Umemoto, S. The elements of ethnobotanical classification in Kii Province, Japan, Kyoto. 2002, 195pp.
* Umemoto, S. The natural elements of Kii-oshima Island, Japan, Kyoto. 2003, 52pp.

LABORATORY OF COASTAL FISHERIES ECOLOGY

The main recent research activities have included: (1) field and laboratory studies on the life history and ecology of fish and invertebrates, (2) systematics of marine fish, (3) studies on environments and biological production systems in coastal waters, and (4) current interests which have been expanded to include an elucidation of the effects of human activities on terrestrial areas to coastal ecosystems through river discharge. This laboratory consists of the Maizuru Fisheries Research Station and the Section of Integrated Ecosystem Management of CoHHO Unit (in Yoshida campus) and educates graduate school students of the Graduate School of Agriculture and the Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies.

■Professor
YAMASHITA, Yoh, D. Agr. (Univ. of Tokyo), Coastal Ecology, Ecophysiology, Nursery Habitats
E-mail : yoh_at_kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp

* Antonio, S. Emily ; Kasai, Akihide ; Ueno, Masahiro ; Yuka, Ishihi ; Yokoyama, Hisashi ; Yamashita, Yoh . “Spatial-temporal feeding dynamics of benthic communities in an estuary-marine gradient. Estuarine.” Coastal and Shelf Science. 2012, 112, p.86-97.
* Yatsuya, Miwa; Masahiro, Ueno ; Yoh, Yamashita. “Life history of the amphidromous shrimp Caridina leucosticta (Decapoda: Caridea:Atyidae) in the Isazu River, Japan.” Journal of Crustacean Biology. 2013, 33(4), p.488–502.
* Walsh, L. Michelle ; Masuda, Reiji ; Yamashita, Yoh “The influence of cage conditioning on the performance and behavior of Japanese flounder reared for stock enhancement: Burying, feeding, and threat response.” Journal of Sea Research. 2014, 84, p.447-455.

■Associate Professor
MASUDA, Reiji, D. Agr. (Univ. of Tokyo), Fish Behavior, Ecology and Psychology
E-mail : reiji_at_kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp

* Nakayama, S. ; Masuda, R. ; Tanaka, M. “Onset of schooling behavior and social transmission in chub mackerelScomber japonicus.” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 2007, 61, p.1383-1390.
* Masuda, R. ; Shoji, J. ; Aoyama, M. ; Tanaka, M. “Chub mackerel larvae fed with fish larvae can swim faster than those fed with rotifers and Artemia nauplii.” Fisheries Science. 2002, 68, p.320-324
* Masuda R. “Seasonal and interannual variation of subtidal fish assemblages in Wakasa Bay with reference to the warming trend in the Sea of Japan.” Environmental Biology of Fishes. 2008, 82, p.387-399.
* Masuda R. ; Yamashita Y. ; Matsuyama M. “Jack mackerel Trachurus japonicus juveniles utilize jellyfish for predator avoidance and as a prey collector.” Fisheries Science. 2008, 74, p.282-290.

■Assistant Professor
KAI, Yoshiaki, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.) Systematics of Fishes, Phylogenetics, Taxonomy
E-mail : mebaru_at_kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp

* Kikko, T. ; Kuwahara, M. ; Iguchi, K. ; Kurumi, S. ; Yamamoto, S. ; Kai, Y. ; Nakayama, K. “Phylogeography of white-spotted charr (Salvelinus leucomaenis) in the Lake Biwa water system Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA Sequences.” Zoo-logical Science. 2008, 25, p.146-153
* Kai, Y. ; Nakabo, T. “Taxonomic review of the Sebastes inermis species complex (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae).” Ichthyological Research. 2008, 55, p.238-259
* Kai, Y. ; Nakabo, T. “Taxonomic review of the genus Cottiusculus (Cottoidei: Cottidae) with description of a new species from the Sea of Japan.” Ichthyological Research in press. 2009.

■Assistant Professor
SUZUKI, Keita, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.) Coastal and Estuarine Ecology, Life Histories of Fish and Zooplankton
E-mail : suzuki.keita.3r_at_kyoto-u.ac.jp

* Suzuki KW. ; Kasai A, ; Ohta T. ; Nakayama K. ; Tanaka M. (2008) “Migration of Japanese temperate bass Lateolabrax japonicus juveniles within the Chikugo River estuary revealed by δ13C analysis.” Marine Ecology Progress Series. 2008, 358, p.245-256
* Suzuki KW. ; Nakayama K. ; Tanaka M. “Horizontal distribution and population dynamics of the dominant mysid Hyperacanthomysis longirostris along a temperate macrotidal estuary (Chikugo River estuary, Japan).” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 2009, 83, p.516-528
* Suzuki KW. ; Ueda H. ; Nakayama K. ; Tanaka M. “Different patterns of stage-specific horizontal distribution between two sympatric oligohaline copepods along a macrotidal estuary (Chikugo River, Japan): implications for life-history strategies.” Journal of Plankton Research. 2012, 34, p.1042-1057

■Program-Specific Assistant Professor
SAWADA, Hideki, D. Agr. (Kyoto Univ.) Invertebrate ecology, sandy beach ecology, biology of sea cucumber
E-mail : sawahi_at_kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp

* Hosoi M, Hosoi-Tanabe S, Sawada H, Ueno M, Toyohara H and Hayashi I. (2004). Sequence and PCR-RFLP analysis of the large subunit rRNA gene of bivalve: simple and wide applicable technique for multiple species identification of bivalve larva. Fisheries Science; Vol. 70(4), pp. 629-637
* Sawada H, Saito H, Hosoi M and Toyohara H. (2008) Evaluation of PCR methods for fixed bivalve larvae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom; Vol. 88(7), pp. 1441–1449
* Sawada H, Saito H, Adachi K and Toyohara H. (2011) Seasonal variation of bivalve larvae on an exposed sandy beach on Kashima-nada: Tips for the sandy beach recruitment process. Journal of Sea Research; Vol. 65(2), pp. 275-283